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What should an ERP include?

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Hello there! Are you looking for an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system for your business? If so, you may be wondering what features an ERP should include to facilitate and streamline your business processes. ERP systems provide several benefits to businesses that range from automating routine tasks to real-time data insights. However, not all ERP systems are created equal, and choosing the right one for your business can be a daunting task. In this article, we will explore some of the essential features that an ERP should have to meet your business requirements and give you an edge over your competitors.

ERP for Business
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In today’s fast-paced business environment, an ERP system’s functionality extends beyond basic accounting and finance modules. Businesses need an all-encompassing system that can integrate various business functions like customer relationship management, inventory management, human resources, and supply chain management. The right ERP software can help you manage your entire business and improve your decision-making process. Whether you’re looking for an on-premise or a cloud-based solution, understanding the essential features that an ERP should have can help you make a more informed decision.

What Should an ERP Include?

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) software is a comprehensive solution designed to manage all aspects of a company’s operations. It automates and integrates various business processes to streamline operations, reduce costs, and improve overall productivity. An ERP should have a set of specific features and functions to be considered as a complete system. Let’s take a look at what an ERP should include.

Finance Modules

The finance module is the heart of an ERP solution. It provides a real-time financial overview of the organization and automates tasks such as accounts receivable, accounts payable, general ledger, fixed assets, payroll, and financial reporting. An ERP’s finance module eliminates tedious and time-consuming tasks that would otherwise be done manually and provides up-to-date data that enables better and faster decision-making.

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Some of the essential features of a finance module in an ERP system include:

  • General Ledger: A general ledger is a centralized database that stores all financial transactions. It is the backbone of the finance module and helps manage finances, oversee the budget, and track cash flow.
  • Accounts Payable: Accounts payable is another essential function of the finance module. It manages all vendor-related transactions, including invoice and payment processing, handling of purchase orders, and managing vendor accounts.
  • Accounts Receivable: The accounts receivable function manages payments received from customers and invoices issued to them. It also helps with collecting and processing payments, creating reports and managing customer accounts.
  • Payroll: The payroll function in an ERP software helps manage employee salaries, maintain records, and ensure that payroll taxes and other related tasks are accurately calculated and paid.

The finance module is critical to a company’s operations, and it’s important to choose an ERP system with a robust finance module.

Additional Considerations for ERP Selection

Choosing and implementing an ERP system is an investment for an organization and involves a significant amount of planning, assessment, and evaluation. Besides the primary selection criteria like functional fit and cost, there are several additional aspects to assess in order to make the right choice. In this section, we explore some critical factors that organizations must consider and evaluate when selecting an ERP system.


The scalability of an ERP platform is an essential consideration for companies that aim to grow and expand their business. A scalable ERP system should have the capability to handle an increasing amount of data, transactions, and users without compromising performance, while also accommodating future changes in business processes and requirements. When selecting an ERP system, it is essential to consider the features and functionalities that will support the organization’s future growth and expansion plans, including requirements for multi-site installation and internationalization.

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Customization Options

ERP systems should be versatile and customizable to meet an organization’s unique business requirements. Companies have different processes, workflows, and reporting needs, and an out-of-the-box ERP solution may not fit their exact requirements. Therefore, it is essential to choose an ERP system with customization options that offer flexibility while allowing the organization to automate their critical business processes. Customization options can also help tailor the user interface to suit different user needs and roles, enabling the system to achieve higher user acceptance and utilization.

Integration Capabilities

Businesses typically use several software applications to manage various aspects of their operations, such as financial systems, CRM, and HR management tools. In such cases, integration capabilities are essential when selecting an ERP system. It should seamlessly integrate with other applications, ensuring that data flows freely across systems. The ability to integrate ERP solutions with various third-party applications like supply chain software, analytics tools, and e-commerce platforms is critical. With integration capabilities, an organization can achieve real-time visibility of cross-functional data, helping to enhance decision-making processes and overall business performance.

Vendor Support

The right vendor support is essential when choosing an ERP system. Organizations should work with a vendor that has an excellent reputation for after-sales service, including training, customer support, software updates, and maintenance routines. The vendor should also have a clear understanding of the industry and the specific business requirements of the organization. In addition, it is essential to assess the vendor’s financial stability and longevity in the market to ensure that they will be able to provide the support required in the future.

User Adoption and Training

One of the primary reasons ERP implementations fail is the lack of user adoption. Many employees may resist new systems due to the complexity involved, or resistance to change. Therefore, it is crucial to provide adequate training and change management support to ensure that employees understand the system’s benefits and are skilled to use it effectively. Before selecting an ERP system, it is essential to evaluate the training programs offered by the vendor, including the type of training, delivery method, and the level of support provided post-implementation.

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Data Migration

Data migration is the process of moving data from various sources to the new system. This process is often complicated and risky, and it is essential to evaluate the data migration capabilities of the ERP system before implementation. The ERP vendor should provide a detailed plan to migrate the data from legacy systems, as well as an outline of the measures required to manage data security and integrity during the migration process. Proper planning and execution ensure a seamless transition without data loss that can lead to potential business disruptions.

Security and Compliance

Security and compliance are critical factors that organizations must consider when selecting an ERP system. Ensure that the system is secure and has the necessary security features to protect critical business data. The ERP system should have sufficient access controls, data encryption, and backup mechanisms to ensure that the system and data are safe from unauthorized access, loss, or theft. Additionally, it is essential to ensure that the ERP system is compliant with industry regulations and standards like GDPR, HIPAA, and PCI DSS.


The selection of an ERP system is a critical decision for any organization. Several factors need consideration, and comprehensive evaluation is critical to ensure that the business requirements are met without compromising on performance, functionality, and security. Opt for an ERP system with scalability, customization options, integration capabilities, vendor support, user adoption and training, data migration, and security and compliance to ensure a successful ERP implementation that delivers value to the organization.