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Master the Art of Image Sliding: A Step-by-Step Guide

Are you tired of having the same old static image on your website? Why not spice it up with an image slider? Image sliders are a great way to add some extra pizzazz and movement to your website. In this article, we will go over how to make an image slider from scratch, step-by-step. Don’t worry if you’re not the most tech-savvy person – we’ll make it easy for you to follow along.

Think of an image slider like a little movie reel. Instead of just one image, you can have multiple images that seamlessly transition into one another. It’s like having a mini slideshow right on your website. Not only does this make your website look more visually interesting, but it can also help increase engagement from your audience. People love to see movement and change, so incorporating an image slider can help hold their attention for longer periods of time. So let’s get started on how to make an image slider!

How to make an image slider
Source smartslider3.com

Understanding the Basics of Image Sliders

Before you can start creating an image slider, it’s important to understand the basics of how they work. An image slider is essentially a slideshow of images that automatically transitions from one slide to the next. This can be done in a variety of ways, but the most common method is to use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create a rotating carousel of images.

Step 1: Creating the HTML Markup

The first step in creating an image slider is to create the HTML markup for the slider itself. This involves creating a container element to hold all of the individual slides, as well as creating individual slide elements for each image that will be included in the slider.

<div class=”slider”>
<img src=”image1.jpg” alt=”Slide 1″>
<img src=”image2.jpg” alt=”Slide 2″>
<img src=”image3.jpg” alt=”Slide 3″>

In this example, we’ve created a container element with the class “slider”, and added three individual slide elements to it, each consisting of an image and an alt tag. These images will serve as the individual slides for our slider.

Step 2: Styling the Slider with CSS

Once you’ve created the HTML markup for your slider, the next step is to style it using CSS. This involves creating a set of CSS rules that define the size, position, and appearance of the slider, as well as the individual slide elements.

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CSS Code
.slider {
display: flex;
overflow-x: scroll;

.slider img {
width: 100%;
height: auto;
margin-right: 10px;
scroll-snap-align: start;

In this example, we’ve created a set of CSS rules that apply to the slider container element, setting its display property to “flex” and its overflow property to “scroll”, which will allow the slider to scroll horizontally across the screen. We’ve also created rules for the individual slide elements, setting their width to 100%, their height to auto, and adding a margin to create space between them. Finally, we’ve added the “scroll-snap-align” property to ensure that the individual slides snap into place as you scroll through them.

Step 3: Adding JavaScript Functionality to the Slider

The final step in creating an image slider is to add JavaScript functionality to the slider, allowing it to automatically transition from one slide to the next. This can be done using a variety of JavaScript libraries, but the simplest method is to write your own custom JavaScript code.

JavaScript Code
const slider = document.querySelector(‘.slider’);
let isDown = false;
let startX;
let scrollLeft;

slider.addEventListener(‘mousedown’, (e) => {
isDown = true;
startX = e.pageX – slider.offsetLeft;
scrollLeft = slider.scrollLeft;

slider.addEventListener(‘mouseleave’, () => {
isDown = false;

slider.addEventListener(‘mouseup’, () => {
isDown = false;

slider.addEventListener(‘mousemove’, (e) => {
if (!isDown) return;
const x = e.pageX – slider.offsetLeft;
const walk = (x – startX) * 3; //scroll-speed
slider.scrollLeft = scrollLeft – walk;

In this example, we’ve created a custom JavaScript function that listens for mouse events on the slider element, tracking the position of the mouse and updating the slider’s scroll position accordingly. This function creates a smooth scrolling effect, allowing the slider to scroll from one slide to the next.


By following these three simple steps, you can create a fully functional image slider using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. With a little creativity and some customization, you can create a slider that perfectly fits your needs and complements your website’s design.

HTML Structure

Before delving into the specifics of how to make an image slider, we need a solid understanding of the HTML structure. First, create a div element that will contain the images. Give it a class name for styling purposes. Inside this div element, add an image tag for each picture that will comprise the slider. Be sure to include the file path for each image so that the browser can display them correctly.

Next, we need to create the indicator section. This can be accomplished with another div element that will contain individual span elements. Each span element corresponds to a slide in the image slider. This section will serve as a visual cue to let users know which slide they are viewing and how many total slides exist in the slider.

To make the indicator section functional, we need to assign each span element a unique ID. We can use these IDs to control which slide is displayed when a user clicks on a specific indicator. Lastly, we’ll link the indicator section to the image slider using data attributes. When a user interacts with the indicator section, the slider will respond accordingly.

Applying Styles to the Image Slider

With the HTML structure in place, we can now add styles to the image slider. We want to ensure that it looks good, feels intuitive, and is responsive across different devices.

The first step is to make sure that the images are positioned correctly within the slider container. We can use CSS’s flexbox properties to achieve this. Set the display property of the image container to “flex” and assign the flex-wrap and justify-content properties to center the images.

Next, we’ll add styles to the indicator section. We’ll set its display property to “flex” and add padding to create some space between each indicator. The span elements within the indicator section will receive a background color and border-radius to make them circular. We can also add hover and active styles to the span elements so that the user has a clear visual cue when they interact with the slider.

Finally, we’ll add some basic animation to the slider to create a more dynamic experience for users. We can use CSS’s transition property to animate the opacity of the images as they transition between slides. This will produce a smooth cross-fade effect that looks great.

With these styles in place, our image slider is ready to be deployed and enjoyed by users. Remember to test the slider on different devices and screen sizes to ensure it’s responsive and looks good in all contexts.

Animation and Functionality

One of the key components of an image slider is the animation and transition effects. JavaScript can be used to add a range of animation effects, from simple fades to complex slide-ins and outs. By adding animations, the image slider becomes more engaging and visually appealing to the user.

Transition Effects

Transition effects are the way that images move in and out of view within the slider. There are a variety of transition effects that can be used, including fade, slide, and flip. These effects can be added using CSS and JavaScript. Here are some of the most popular transition effects:

The image fades in and out of view
The image slides in and out of view
The image flips from one side to the other to reveal another image


JavaScript can also be used to control the functionality and behavior of the slider. Here are some of the key functionalities that can be controlled:

  1. Autoplay: This functionality enables the slider to automatically move from one image to the next at a set interval.
  2. Navigation: This functionality adds buttons or arrows to the slider that allow users to manually move from one image to the next.
  3. Touch Support: This functionality enables touchscreen users to swipe between images on mobile devices.
  4. Responsive Design: This functionality ensures that the slider can be viewed on any screen size, from desktop computers to mobile devices.

By adding these functionalities, the image slider becomes more versatile and user-friendly, enabling the user to interact with the slider in a number of different ways.

Video: Master the Art of Image Sliding: A Step-by-Step Guide